Let us consider a plasma in a strong uniform magnetic field  B_0 and a weak random field  B_0 \gg \delta B . At each moment the particle rotates with a perturbed Larmor radius. The unperturbed component of the radius is, assuming the particle is ultra - relativistic

 r_l \approx \frac{\varepsilon}{q B}

where  \varepsilon is the energy of the particle and  q is its charge. The amplitude of the perturbation to the Larmor radius is

 \delta r_l \approx \frac{\varepsilon}{q B_0^2} \delta B

How long will it take the net displacement to be comparable to the unperturbed Larmor radius  r_l  ?

 c \tau \left(\frac{\delta r_l}{r_l} \right)^2 \approx r_l \Rightarrow \tau \approx \frac{r_l}{c} \left(\frac{B}{\delta B}\right)^2

In a realistic situation, the random field has a certain spectrum  \delta B^2 \propto k^{m-1} , where  m<1 is a constant. Magnetic fields at wavelengths larger than  r_l vary the orbit in an almost coherent way, so their contribution to scattering is small. Magnetic fields on wavelengths much smaller than  r_l are very weak, so their contribution to scattering is also small. Hence, the range of wavelengths that contributes the most to scattering is the same order of magnitude as  r_l . Substituting  k \approx r_l^{-1} yields  \tau \propto r_l^m . The diffusion coefficient is

 D \approx c^2 \tau \propto r_l^m \propto \varepsilon^m .

For magnetic fields in a Kolmogorov spectrum

 \delta B^2 \propto \delta v^2 \propto k^{-2/3} \Rightarrow m=\frac{1}{3} .